The first in a series of frequently asked questions concerning common coastal issues:
QUESTION: Why do beaches erode?
ANSWER: The simple answer is they do not have enough sand. However, the causes are different in different parts of the country. On the West Coast, beaches are sand starved when river dams block the flow of sand. Eastern beaches often lack sand because inlets or navigation projects interrupt sandÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢s along-shore movement. All beaches suffer from storms and other natural events that cause erosion. Things as disparate as storm-driven waves or a simple change in an offshore sandbar may cause one coastal area to lose sand while another gains
A sunset safari to the Everglades will take place March 10, and provides an opportunity to visit the most northern remaining wetlands of the River of grass. Tickets are available through March 5.Ãƒâ€šÃ‚Â
The Arthur R. Marshall FoundationÃƒâ€šÃ‚Â is sponsoring this annual sunset safari. It will be held at the Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge canoe tours, nature walks, state-of-the-art interactive exhibits, music, storytelling, and dinner and cocktails at sunser are featured. It is from approxiametly 3 p.m. to 7 p.m. Ãƒâ€šÃ‚Â Ãƒâ€šÃ‚Â Ãƒâ€šÃ‚Â Ãƒâ€šÃ‚Â Ãƒâ€šÃ‚Â Ãƒâ€šÃ‚Â
"This is a unique opportunity to engage, experience, explore and enjoy," said nancy Marshall, president of the Arthur R. Marshall Foundation. The wildlife refuge has a boardwalk through a spectacular cypress swamp, a new visitor center, exhibits and trails. The airboat and canoe tours feature knowledgable guides, and each lasts about 30 minutes. (Participants have a choice of airboat or canoe ride on the safari.) Ãƒâ€šÃ‚Â Ãƒâ€šÃ‚Â
Tickets are $75 and $125 per person, and include all activities. Proceeds benefit the education programs of the Arthur R, Marshall Foundation. Purchase tickets online at www.artmarshall.orgÃƒâ€šÃ‚Â or mail payment to sunset Safari, P.O. Box 2620, Palm Beach, F: 33480. RSVP by March 5. Ãƒâ€šÃ‚Â
Round-trip charter bus transportation is provided from West Palm Beach. The bus will depart from Trump Plaza at 3 p.m. Please arrive by 2:45 at 525 S. Flagler Drive, West Palm Beach, FL 33401 (valet parking is free). The bus returns at approxiametly 7 p.m. If driving on your own, plan to arrive at 3:45 p.m. at the Refuge, 10216 Lee Road, Boynton Beach, 33473. (Enter off State Road 7, approxiametly 2 miles south of Boynton Beach Boulevard.) Ãƒâ€šÃ‚Â Ãƒâ€šÃ‚Â Ãƒâ€šÃ‚Â Ãƒâ€šÃ‚Â Ãƒâ€šÃ‚Â Ãƒâ€šÃ‚Â Ãƒâ€šÃ‚Â Ãƒâ€šÃ‚Â Ãƒâ€šÃ‚Â Ãƒâ€šÃ‚Â Ãƒâ€šÃ‚Â Ãƒâ€šÃ‚Â Ãƒâ€šÃ‚Â Ãƒâ€šÃ‚Â Ãƒâ€šÃ‚Â Ãƒâ€šÃ‚Â Ãƒâ€šÃ‚Â Ãƒâ€šÃ‚Â Ãƒâ€šÃ‚Â Ãƒâ€šÃ‚Â Ãƒâ€šÃ‚Â Ãƒâ€šÃ‚Â Ãƒâ€šÃ‚Â Ãƒâ€šÃ‚Â Ãƒâ€šÃ‚Â Ãƒâ€šÃ‚Â Ãƒâ€šÃ‚Â
The EPA's Green Power Partnership is an industry-government partnership that helps increase the use of green power among leading U.S. organizations. Currently, there are over 1,300 EPA Green Power Partners that are collectively buying nearly 21 billion kWh of green power annually.Ãƒâ€šÃ‚Â
Beyond the use of renewable energy, InterContinental Miami has a broader sustainability focus that covers design, operations and technologies that reduce energy, water and waste, cut carbon emissions, improve guest health and comfort, reduce operating and maintenance costs and raise guest and staff awareness of sustainability issues.
ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã…â€œOur decision to go green was another way to reduce the environmental impacts associated with conventional electricityÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã‚Â, says Robert Hill, InterContinental MiamiÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢s General Manager. ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã…â€œOur Hotel has a reputation as an active member of the community and part of that social responsibility lies in making green and sustainable operating decisions that set an example for others to follow.ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã‚ÂÃƒâ€šÃ‚Â
InterContinental Miami has partnered with New York-based green power supplier Greenlight Energy to provide renewable energy certificates (RECs) sourced from wind farms across the U.S. Because RECs are not tied to the physical delivery of electrons, they allow organizations to purchase green power from suppliers other than their local electricity provider. RECs help overcome a major barrier to renewable energy development - the fact that the best renewable resources may not be located close to population centers.Ãƒâ€šÃ‚Â
ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã…â€œWe commend InterContinental MiamiÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢s environmental leadership,ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã‚Â says Kelly Bennett, CEO of Greenlight Energy. ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã…â€œInterContinental Miami not only has incredible amenities and accommodations, but now they should be known as a hotel of choice in south Florida and in the U.S. for anyone with a focus on sustainability,ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã‚Â adds Bennett. All of the wind supplied by Greenlight Energy is certified by Center for Resource SolutionsÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢ Green-e Energy certification program, ensuring that the purchase is sourced from new renewable generators that meet strict environmental and consumer protection standards.
The EPA estimates that InterContinental MiamiÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢s purchase avoids an estimated 10,665 metric tons of carbon dioxide, which is the equivalent to the greenhouse gas emissions from 2,091 passenger vehicles each year or the carbon dioxide emissions from the electricity use of 1,330 average American homes for one year.Ãƒâ€šÃ‚Â
In any major public works project, timing is crucial. Finishing the job before a crisis becomes a catastrophe is essential ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â‚¬Å“ and completing a project in a timely fashion relies on many components that must come together in a finely orchestrated convergence. A central component to that success is funding ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â‚¬Å“ the ability to have the money when and where you need it.
When your public works project is something as complicated as beach restoration ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â‚¬Å“ with its own set of rules, regulations and requirements layered in atop the usual intricacies of a multimillion-dollar effort ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â‚¬Å“ funding is even more crucial. You canÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢t do half a project and wait until the next appropriations cycle to finish the job, unless you want to watch your investment literally wash away. In beach restoration projects half a project is not better than none, since an engineered beach not built to its original design specifications will not last as long as one which has been properly constructed.