The state has asked local health care providers to watch for people who become sick or show symptoms of cholera after returning from travel to Haiti. Further, the Department of Health is encouraging health care providers to administer specific cholera testing in suspected cases and notify FDOH of its laboratory results.
Cholera is a diarrheal disease caused by a bacterial infection of the intestine. The infection is often mild or without symptoms, yet illness sometimes can be severe. In severe cases, the infected person may experience profuse, watery diarrhea and vomiting that can cause rapid loss of body fluids, leading to dehydration and shock. Without treatment, death can occur within hours.
â€œIt is very important for travelers who develop severe, watery diarrhea, or diarrhea and vomiting within five days after return from Haiti to seek medical attention immediately, Viamonte Ros said. â€œRapid treatment is the key to recovery.
The infrastructure in U.S. water, sanitation, and food systems minimize the risk for fecal contamination of food and water so the potential for spread is extremely low, but still possible. A person can get cholera by drinking water or eating food contaminated with the cholera bacterium. Person-to-person transmission is rare.
Although the potential for the spread of cholera is low, the FDOH wants to ensure high-risk situations such as cholera in a food-handler or clusters of illness are identified, and those affected are provided medical treatment. Suspected cases of cholera should be immediately reported to County Health Departments by doctors, hospitals and laboratories without waiting for laboratory confirmation.
Further, the Department of Health is encouraging health care providers to administer specific cholera testing in suspected cases and notify FDOH of its laboratory results. Family members and caretakers of ill travelers returning from Haiti should wash their hands frequently as they may be at risk of contracting cholera if handling the vomit or feces of an infected person.