He first fought for the Spanish against the French; then for France against Spain and Great Britain; and finally, for Saint Dominque against Napoleonic France. He then helped transform the insurgency into a revolutionary movement, which by 1800 had turned Saint-Domingue, the most prosperous slave colony of the time, into the first free colonial society to have explicitly rejected race as the basis of social ranking.
Though Louverture did not sever ties with France, his actions in 1800 constituted a de facto autonomous colony. The colony's constitution proclaimed him governor for life even against Napoleon Bonaparte's wishes. He died betrayed before the final and most violent stage of the armed conflict. However, his achievements set the grounds for the Black army's absolute victory and for Jean Jacques Dessalines to declare the sovereign state of Haiti in January 1804. Louverture's prominent role in the Haitian success over colonialism and slavery had earned him the admiration of friends and detractors alike. Here are 10 Quotes from Toussaint Louverture.
1. “Whatever defamation of character my enemies are spreading about me, I do not feel the need to justify myself toward them. While discretion obliges me to remain silent, my duty compels me to prevent them from doing any more harm.”
2. “I was born a slave, but nature gave me a soul of a free man….”
3. "In overthrowing me, you have done no more than cut down the tree trunk of the Black Liberty in St. Domingue it will spring back from the roots, for they are numerous and deep".
4. "I am faithfully devoted to the Republic but will not serve it at my conscious and my honor. "
5. "Avoid Sloth the mother of all vices"
6. "The Spanish offered me their protection and liberty to those who would fight for the Kings. I accepted their offers, seeing myself entirely abandoned by my brethren the French".
7. "I have undertaken vengeance. I want Liberty and Equality to reign in Saint Domingue. I have work to bring them into existence. Unite yourselves to us, brothers and fight for the same cause".
8. "I have taken my flight in the regions of eagles. When I aalight, it must be at a rock and that rock must be a constitutional government of which I shall be the head so long as I shall be among men."
9. We went to labor in the fields my wife and I hand in hand scarcely were we conscious of the fatigues of the day. Heaven always blessed our toil.
10. I took up arms for the freedom of my color It is our own we will defend it or perish. To Learn more about Toussaint Louverture click here:
https://thelouvertureproject. org/index.php?title=Toussaint_ Louverture