â€œSo Barbados, from a national perspective, took that on as a mantra: We must develop our people. That became embedded, so much so that any leader or political organization that trifles with education and training suffers at the polls, because the Barbadian psyche is one that says that is my right, itâ€™s not a privilege.â€
Barbados has a compulsory education system up to 16 years. If a child drops out of school before that age, the parents can be taken before the courts. Itâ€™s built into the Education Act. Each child is guaranteed 11 to 12 years of education, paid for by the state. Even if a child is in a private institution, that child is still guaranteed free education.
The minister explained that the history of Barbados is like the history of many other Caribbean countries â€” plantation economies, slave societies. Barbadosâ€™s small size made it impossible for slaves to disappear into forests, woodlands or mountain peaks. So, Barbadians historically endured the excesses of slavery, unlike Trinidad, Jamaica or even Grenada where the landscape was different. Slaves in Barbados internalized more, thinking all the time about the day when they could truly reach the level of their ability. The year 1838 brought an end to that in a formal way, but not institutionally, Jones explained. Between 1838 and 1937 Barbados was still locked into a plantation economy. But the churches â€“ particularly Anglican - started to play a more dynamic role, moving from religious to secular education.
Jones explained that â€œin 1937 when Barbados went through a social and economic meltdown, what we call the 1937 Riots, the British started to pay more attention and provided a few more resources. But, you had a population already hungry to change the pattern of their lives. That pattern of change was bred, and continued, even now.
â€œThen the full blast of the state tied to the consciousness of a people declared our children must never go through what we have gone through. Therefore, this whole thing became not only an individual project or family project, but a national project,â€ the minister added. That right to education means the state must gather enough resources to pay for it, from nursery school to tertiary institutions. Yet, after the 2008 global financial meltdown, the government requested citizens contribute 20 percent of the cost of university education, resulting in significant backlash, according to Jones.
â€œGovernment has invested about six percent of the gross domestic product of Barbados in education every year, and out of its budget, between 18 to 20 percent every year,â€ he said. â€œThat is at the same level as countries such the United States and Canada â€¦ If we had to count the resources of families into education, it would move to maybe seven percent.â€
With a population of about 282,000 - roughly 60,000 students - the presence of a University of the West Indies (UWI) campus in Barbados has helped boost the numbers of those who have achieved tertiary degrees. With the availability of National Development Scholarships for study both at home and abroad, many Barbadians have gone on to the highest levels of education. Although some donâ€™t
return home, they are still counted as proud Barbadians in the diaspora.
â€œBecause of size, we know that we canâ€™t absorb all of our people,â€ said Jones. â€œWe know that some will not return home. All of that is factored into the process, but they are still Bajans. â€œWe are training Bajans to be global citizens because the work is in a global context. Rihanna would not have been Rihanna simply being in Barbados. Rihanna is now a global citizen representing Barbados extremely well.â€